Add or delete a relation between properties of the same or different types.

Relations can only be created between nillable type definitions and/or restricted sets. This results in the following combinations:

Combination Description
Type? <-> Type? One to one relation.
Type? <-> {Type} One to many relation.
{Type} <-> {Type} Many to many relation.

All missing relations on existing instances will be automatically created by ThingsDB once you add a new relation. Relations only work on stored things.

With a one-to-one or a one-to-many relation it may not be possible to automatically create all missing relations because you might be in a state where the existing instances are not related correctly. For example, you want to create a one-to-many relation but one of the things exists in a set on another thing than being referenced to. Either the set or the reference is obviously incorrect. In such state ThingsDB will raise a type_err() and does not create the relation.


mod_type(type, 'rel', property, to)


Argument Type Description
type str Name of the Type where to set the wrap-mode for.
'rel' str Passing this argument will result in a relation action.
property str Property to create a relation for.
to str/nil Property on the other type to create a relation with. When nil, an existing relation will be removed.

Return value

The value nil.


This code shows a one-to-many relation between two types:


set_type('Workspace', {
    people: '{Person}'

set_type('Person', {
    workspace: 'Workspace?'

/* Create a relation between Person.workspace and Workspace.people
 * Note: We could have used mod_type('Workspace', ...); just as well,
 *       it does not matter from which direction the relation is made.
mod_type('Person', 'rel', 'workspace', 'people');

// Create a workspace
.foo = Workspace{};

// Create a person and assign workspace `foo`:
alice = Person{};

// THe workspace of Alice is automatically set to foo
alice.workspace == .foo;  // true

Return value in JSON format


Another example using a many-to-many relation within a single type:


set_type('Album', {
    title: 'str',
    similar: '{Album}'

// Create a relation for Album.similar
mod_type('Album', 'rel', 'similar', 'similar');

.hoss = Album{title: 'Hoss'};
.punk_in_drublic = Album{title: 'Punk in Drublic'};

// Add `punk_in_drublic` as a similar album to `hoss`

// note that `hoss` is also added as a similar album to `punk_in_drublic`:
.punk_in_drublic.similar.has(.hoss);  // true

Return value in JSON format